The only baroque park in the south of Transylvania
The park of the Brukenthal summer residence was originally designed as a late baroque garden, which was supplemented during the lifetime of the Baron and even after his death in 1803. As probably the only historic garden in Southern Transylvania, the park has been largely preserved in its original basic structure to this day.
Wide views, strict forms
Core of the manor is the baroque park which dates from the late 18th Century. Characteristic for the design of the so called French garden is the orientation towards the castle, from where you have a long-distance view into the garden – apparently reaching the horizon. The strict, symmetrical forms are currently only visible in parts, the original planting is whittled away due to decades of neglect – Brukenthal´s tulip trees is one of the few exceptions. Nevertheless, during the past years reconstruction activities have taken place in order to put the garden gradually in the former state.
English and Dutch Garden
In addition to the restoration of the Baroque garden their are also other parts of the park included in works like the English Park and several small ornamental and kitchen gardens. The one in front of the Orangery was probably the so-called Dutch Garden, where due to its sheltered location exotic plants thrived. In the rear, the northern part of the park, once existed a pheasant garden where the birds were able to move freely.
Gardens of exotic plants
Brukenthal´s philosophy consisted in the idea not to create only an aesthetic park, but to use it also for the cultivation of fruit and vegetables. In this sense, there have been various gardens in different parts of the park, where in addition to local plants, many species brought from afar flourished, including tropical fruits such as pineapple, lemon or orange, and for Transylvania unusual vegetables such as asparagus.
Since the days of Brukenthal, the Avrig´s mill creek flows through the summer residence´s park. The creek once supplied a large number of small streams, water features and fountains. Unfortunately – as well as other parts of the park – the water system was severely affected during the past decades. However, attentive visitors still discover remains, i.e. the snakehead source in the English Garden. For the future the restoration of the sources and channels is planned, too.